- Frederik is quoted, in Dutch, in this article on a recent judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union, in the Breyer case. The Court decided, in short, that and IP address is typically personal data. If information is regarded as personal data, European data privacy law applies. If data privacy law applies, companies must ensure, for instance, adequate data security. See in detail on the scope of the legal personal data definition: Frederik’s paper ‘Singling Out People Without Knowing Their Names – Behavioural Targeting, Pseudonymous Data, and the New Data Protection Regulation’, https://ssrn.com/abstract=2733115
- On 25 October, Frederik speaks at the ‘Big Data debate’, organised by the Dutch Association of Insurers. Frederik will discuss the risks of unfair of even illegal discrimination that result from big data. More info here.
On Thursday 6 October, Frederik speaks in a panel on Facebook, during the Big Brother Awards Belgium.
Joe McNamee (executive director of EDRi European Digital Rights) moderates the panel. Speakers are: Stephen Deadman (Facebook), Matthias Matthiesen (IAB Interactive Advertising Bureau), Brendan Van Alsenoy (Data Protection Authority Belgium), Estelle Massé (AccessNow), and Frederik.
See for more information: https://bigbrotherawards.be/en
Judith presented the methodological background of the tracking data collection of our project at the German association of communication science method division.
And, on the question how to conceptualize such data as a network of news items and users, a second presentation of the Personalised Team, given by Damian:
Natali Helberger and Marijn Sax from Personalised Communication will enter into debate with the makers of a documentary about how Big Data, algorithms and persuasive strategies are used to influence our behavior as voters, consumers, readers and citizens. What are the implications of data-driven persuasion strategies on our autonomy, attention and even our political choices? What does it mean that major internet companies know more about us than we do? What goals do data-driven persuasion strategies serve? And what is the role of the law, regulation and governments? Do we need a code of algorithmic ethics? The debate is organized by the Dutch public broadcaster VPRO, and part of the successful Tegenlicht Meet Up series. It takes place on 28 September from 2000 onwards in Pakhuis de Zwijger in Amsterdam. The debate (in Dutch) can also be followed via life stream. Entrance is free, registration needed.
How a strange new class of media outlet has arisen to take over our news feeds.
Frederik was interviewed by Deutschlandfunk about the Privacy Shield. The Privacy Shield is an agreement between the EU and the US that should enable companies to export personal data of Europeans to the US. The old Safe Harbor agreement was declared invalid by the Court of Justice of the European Union. The Court did not believe that European personal data were safe in the US, especially in the light of the Snowden revelations about data collection by the US intelligence services.
We organized an interdiciplinary panel at the ICA, the largest communication science conference, which was held in Fukuoka, Japan, in July. The panel focused on online behavioral advertising. From the panel description:
Online Behavioral Advertising, also referred to as behavioral targeting or online profiling, involves monitoring people’s online behavior, and using the collected information to show people individually targeted advertisements. This marketing technique involves tracking people’s online behavior, for instance with cookies, and uses this collected information to show people individually targeted advertisements. The use of OBA is rising. One website visit often leads to receiving tracking cookies of dozens of companies.
However, many people feel that OBA threatens privacy and fairness. Therefore, the development of using personal data to target advertising has received a lot of attention of regulators, lawmakers, consumer protection organizations, and scholars. Often, the debate revolves around privacy issues and transparency.
This panel aims to contribute to this debate, by bringing together experts in the field of OBA from all over the world (US, Europe and Japan), from different disciplines and fields (Law, Communication Science, and User Experience Research at Facebook). By providing views from different parties, disciplines, and regions, the panel stimulates a discussion about fairness and privacy in the context of OBA, and the implications for law and policy.
Speakers included: Sanne Kruikemeier, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR), University of Amsterdam, Takahiro Nonaka, Privacy lawyer, Japan, Joeri Troost, Communication Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, dr. Jennifer Romano Bergstrom, User Experience Researcher at Facebook dr. Christian Sandvig, Communication Science, University of Michigan and dr. Young Mie Kim, Associate Professor, University of Wisconsin-Madison & Microsoft Visiting Professor, Princeton University.
This week, Facebook announced a change in its news feed algorithm, which comes down to showing more content from friends and family, and less news from news organizations. Some have made a connection to the echo chamber or filter bubble thesis, fearing that news exposure would become too personalized and not diverse enough (read this article in WIRED magazine). In the context of this debate, Damian has been interviewed by VICE (link to the article).
One of the ways how news consumption gets more and more personalized is through the way people access the news: More and more, this happens through links on social media rather than through the news organization’s website. But what gets actually shared on social network sites? Together with two co-authors, Damian published an article on this:
From the abstract:
People increasingly visit online news sites not directly, but by following links on social network sites. Drawing on news value theory and integrating theories about online identities and self-representation, we develop a concept of shareworthiness, with which we seek to understand how the number of shares an article receives on such sites can be predicted. Findings suggest that traditional criteria of newsworthiness indeed play a role in predicting the number of shares, and that further development of a theory of shareworthiness based on the foundations of newsworthiness can offer fruitful insights in news dissemination processes.
Trilling, D., Tolochko, P., & Burscher, B. (2016). From newsworthiness to
shareworthiness: How to predict news sharing based on article characteristics. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, online first. doi:10.1177/1077699016654682
On 30 June, Frederik is one of the speakers at an event organized by Dutch political party D66, in Amsterdam. The event concerns privacy in the 21st century.